# Pandiagonal Magic Squares of Order Five

Pandiagonal Magic Squares of Order Five

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A magic square has the same sums for the numbers in the rows, columns, and main diagonals. In a pandiagonal magic square, the square can be rotated as if the edges were wrapped around (like a rubber square sheet can be made into a torus), and the main diagonals will still add up to the same magic sum (65 here). All of the 5×5 pandiagonal magic squares can be generated by adding together two sets of permutations.